Beer is believed to be the world's oldest alcoholic drink. Beer is made from malt, hops, yeast and water.
Beers are traditionally divided into three categories: top-fermented beers, bottom-fermented beers and spontaneous fermented beers.
Cider is a fermented alcoholic beverage that is usually made from apple juice and contains carbonic acid. Perry (poiré in French) is an alcoholic beverage mainly made from pear juice.
In traditional cider-making countries – England, France and Spain – cider is made from apple or pear mash. In the Nordic countries, juice concentrate or fruit extract is almost always used.
Long drinks are drinks mixed with carbonated soft drinks. Internationally, they are known as ready-to-drink beverages, or RTDs.
Long drinks are often sweet and cloudy. Their colour ranges from clear to neon red. Sweetness is achieved by adding sugar or sweeteners.